The Sonoran Desert is a Flowering Desert
When people think of the desert they often picture a barren wasteland, but the Sonoran Desert is far removed from that image - it is very rich and lush with vegetation, and with the right conditions, spring wildflowers can be spectacular. The Sonoran Desert has two peak times for flowering, one in early spring and one after the monsoon rains begin in July. Mid to late- April is the most reliable time to view wildflowers around Marana and Tucson. Wildflower abundance varies from year to year based on rainfall timing and amount, and temperatures. This year, February rainfall was below average, so flowers may be less abundant than had been hoped for. Usually, El Niňo years, such as 2015/2016, produce more rainfall than we have experienced this year.
Parry’s penstemon (Penstemon parryi) © Janine Spencer
Where to Look for Wildflowers In and Around Marana
If you like to hike, take the Wild Burro Trail in the Tortolita Mountains past Alamo Springs (when hiking, be sure to stay on the trails to enjoy or photograph the wildflowers). Wild Burro Trail has quite a few blooms currently – especially chuparosa (Justica californica), desert globe mallow (Sphaeralcea ambigua), brittlebush (Encelia farinosa), fairy dusters (Calliandra eriophylla) , and creosote bushes (Larrea tridentata). Chuparosa can be large bushes with bright red flowers, beloved by hummingbirds. You can also enjoy the unusual crested saguaros that frequent this area.
Saguaro National Park West is a spectacular place to enjoy wildflowers, saguaros, birds, and vistas small and large.
Catalina State Park and Oracle Park are also great places to take a hike and view wildflowers.
Brittlebush © Janine Spencer
Some of my personal favorite wildflowers are blue phacelia (Phacelia distans), with deep blue-lavender blossoms near the ground in early March; purple owl’s clover (Castilleja exserta) which have bright pinkish-purple flowers that look like small brushes and prickly poppies (Argemone pleicantha) with their large white flowers with a yellow center. Many cacti have amazing flowers; big and waxy, and in my estimation, out-competing roses for beauty. Pincushion cacti (Mammillaria grahamii microcarpa) are very small and round with a wreath of pink flowers on their heads. Many cacti flower for just a day and then close up, so keep your eyes open or you’ll miss the blooms! Saguaros (Carnegiea gigantea) have large white flowers at the top of their stems but the blooms stay open for less than 24 hours. Saguaro flowers are pollinated at night by bats and moths that can see the white flowers as well as by bees and doves during the day. Later, bright red fruits form that provide a feast for many desert birds, mammals, insects and even people.
Many desert trees put on a good display of flowers. Paloverdes can look like giant flowers scattered throughout the desert. Desert ironwood trees have pale lavender blooms, in about May, but they don’t bloom every year. Desert willow (Chilopsis linearis) is found mainly in washes and has purple flowers and can bloom from spring through fall.
Desert marigold (Baileya multiradiata) © Janine Spencer
The flower colors for desert globemallow can range from pale lavender to orange sherbet, on long stems with silvery leaves in mid to late April. Fairy dusters have a lovely, whimsical name for their little pink brushes of flowers blooming in April. Parry’s Penstemon have deep pink blooms on long stalks beginning in mid-March.
Fairy duster © Janine Spencer
Tips for Wildflower Aficionados:
Be sure to check out information on where and when flowers are blooming; one good resource is the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum Wildflower Tracking Site.
The site most frequently referred to for wildflower updates in the western U.S. is Desert USA and then look for the Arizona information link. There also are several good books related to wildflowers in southeastern Arizona.
Bring plenty of water, and a camera to capture some of the beauty you encounter.
Do not pick flowers or dig up plants, and admire cacti from a respectful distance. Some plants and flowers have little hairs or spines that are difficult to see, but are easy to feel if you touch them.
Remember that bees and other pollinators will also be enjoying the flowers.
Most spring flowers are open from late morning to early afternoon, but a few open when it is cooler.
Watch for a second burst of wildflower color after monsoon rains begin, hopefully in July.
Lupines (Lupinus sparsiflorus) © Janine Spencer