This ancient community created sophisticated canals and irrigation systems, and water storage to farm cotton, tobacco, corn, tepary beans, and squash. The Tohono O’odham foraged and ate many local plants including mesquite bean pods, cholla fruit, and saguaro fruit. They also hunted for deer, rabbit, and javelina. Today the agricultural and culinary traditions of the Tohono O’odham live on in Marana and in Tucson, which was named a UNESCO City of Gastronomy for its continued cultural connection to ancient and heritage foods and seed saving practices.
There are many ways to experience the vibrant culture of the Tohono O’odham in Arizona. Here are some of the top attractions and things to do to discover and celebrate Arizona’s early history.